Pelletized Carbon Filtration Media

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HS-AC-P-HS .3g/cc

Wood Based Pelletized Carbon Safety Data Sheet

Revision date : 2017

SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

1.1 - Product Identifier

Product Name: HS-AC-P-HS .3g/cc

1.2 - Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

Recommended uses: Use as an adsorbent in industrial, professional and consumer setting.

Uses advised against: Currently no uses advised against have been identified.

1.3 - Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet

Hydrosil International Ltd.
125 Prairie Lake Rd
East Dundee, IL 60118
T 847-844-0680 - F 847-844-0799 
www.hydrosilintl.com

1.4 - Emergency telephone number

Emergency number : 847-844-0680

 

Section 2: Hazards Identification

2.1 - Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP).
Not classified as dangerous according to Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC.

Additional information
No additional information is available.

Information pertaining to special dangers for human and environment
No special dangers have been identified.

2.2 - Label Elements

As the substance is not classified as hazardous no hazard label is required.

2.3 - Other Hazards

As Extruded Activated Carbon – High Density Skeleton (HDS) is to be considered as an inorganic substance, the PBT assessment is not applicable.

Heating, strong heating, ignition sources and contact with strong oxidizers such as ozone, liquid oxygen, chlorine, permanganate, etc., may result in fire.

Wet activated carbon depletes oxygen from air and, therefore, dangerously low levels of oxygen may be encountered. Whenever workers enter a vessel containing activated carbon, the vessels oxygen content should be determined and work procedures for potentially low oxygen areas should be followed.
This material may be self-heating under certain conditions (for example at high humidity). The uptake of humidity promotes the self-heating tendency. Big bags with activated carbon do not place on a wet underlay.

Spent (or used) activated carbons may exhibit properties pertaining to the adsorbents.

 

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients

3.1 - Substances

Extruded Activated Carbon, High Density Skeleton
A porous, amorphous, high surface area adsorbent material composed of largely elemental carbon, with a high density skeleton.
CAS No: 7440-44-0
EC No: 931-328-0
REACH Registration No: 01-211948884-16-0018

Purity: 85% Synonyms: -
Stabilizers: -
Hazardous impurities: -

Other impurities:

Impurity Typical Concentration Concentration Range Remarks
Calcium oxide; EC no. : 215-138-9 ca. 4 % (w/w) >= 0.0 -- <=8.0 % (w/w)  
Magnesium oxide; EC no.: 215-171-9 ca. 0.3 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 3.0 % (w/w)  
Iron oxide; EC no.: 215-721-8 ca. 1.3 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 6.0 % (w/w)  
Potassium carbonate; EC no.: 209-529-3 ca. 7.5 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 8.0 % (w/w)  
Aluminium oxide; EC no.: 215-691-6 ca. 0.3 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 6.0 % (w/w) Mixed oxides may also occur
Silicon oxide; EC no.: 234-368-0 ca. 0.2 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 12.0 % (w/w) Mixed oxides may also occur
Calcium sulfate; EC no.: 231-900-3 ca. 0.2 % (w/w) >= 0.0 — <= 5.0 % (w/w)  

 

SECTION 4: First aid measures

4.1 - Description of first aid measures

General information
As non-powdered activated carbon has a low dustiness it poses very little hazard in an accidental workplace exposure. The first aid information below is based on contact with powdered activated carbon.

In case of inhalation: Move to fresh air. Obtain medical attention if cough or respiratory symptoms develop.

In case of skin contact: Remove contaminated clothes; rinse the skin with water and soap. Obtain medical attention if irritation becomes apparent.

In case of eye contact: Immediately flush with copious amounts of water (remove contact lenses, provided that it can be done easily). Obtain medical attention if irritation becomes apparent.

In case of ingestion: Wash mouth and give at least half a liter of water to drink. Obtain medical attention if gastrointestinal symptoms develop.

Self-protection of the first aider: Ensure self-protection before entering any hazardous environment.

4.2 - Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

When large amounts are ingested orally, congestion may occur. Contact with eye, skin or mucous membranes may cause irritation.

4.3 - Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Not applicable.

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

5.1 - Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media
Spray-jet of water, water fog, powder extinguisher, carbon dioxide or foam.

Extinguishing media which must not be used for safety reasons
None.

5.2 - Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Avoid stirring up dust clouds.
Wetted activated carbon may cause oxygen depletion in enclosed spaces.

Dangerous decomposition products: carbon monoxide. Used activated carbon may produce other combustion products.
After a fire, smoldering hotspots within the activated carbon may be present for a long time. Activated carbon which has been allowed to smolder for a long time in a confined space may
accumulate carbon monoxide above its lower explosion limit.

5.3 - Advice for firefighters

Personal protective equipment for firefighters
Standard firefighters personal protective equipment including self containing breathing apparatus for all indoor fires and large outdoor fires.

Further advise for firefighters
If possible move smoldering activated carbon to a safe area (preferrably outside).

 

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

6.1 - Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

No personal precautions required for virgin activated carbon. Please refer to heading 8 for details on personal protection.

6.2 - Environmental precautions

Avoid discharge to drains and contamination of water sources.

6.3 - Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Vacuum spilled product and flush remaining product with plenty of water. Avoid stirring up, avoid dust formation.

6.4 - Other Information

Wet activated carbon depletes oxygen from air and, therefore, dangerously low levels of oxygen may be encountered. Whenever workers enter a vessel containing activated carbon, the vessels oxygen content should be determined and work procedures for potentially low oxygen areas should be followed.
Used or spend activated carbon may contain pollutants which require the material to be treated according to national law or local permits and which require the use of risk management measures when handling the materials.

 

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

7.1 - Precautions for safe handling

Protective measures:
Appropriate protective equipment should be worn. (See section 8)

Technical measures:
Measures to prevent dust generation: Apply good working practices and engineering procedures during discharge.

Measures required to protect the environment: Ensure containment and adequate ventilation.

Specific requirements or handling rules:
Whenever workers enter a vessel containing activated carbon, the vessels oxygen content should be determined and work procedures for potentially low oxygen areas should be followed.

Precautions against fire and explosion:
Avoid stirring up dust clouds and accumulation of dust on exposed surface. Keep activated carbon away from ignition sources.

Further information:
Wet activated carbon depletes oxygen from air and, therefore, dangerously low levels of oxygen may be encountered.

7.2 - Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Technical measures and storage conditions:
Do not store at high temperatures or in direct sunlight.

Packaging materials: Store in original packaging

Hints on storage assembly: Keep away from strong oxidisers (e.g. ozone, liquid oxygene, chlorine, permanganate etc.) and strong acids. Keep away from heat sources.

Requirements for storage rooms and vessels: Store in a cool, well-ventilated area remote from sources of contamination. Big bags with activated carbon do not place on a wet underlay

Storage class: -

Further information on storage conditions: The stored quantity of wet activated carbon should be limited. Oxygen level alarms are advisable in enclosed storage rooms containing wet activated carbon.

7.3 - Specific end use(s)

No additional information available

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1 - Control parameters

Components with occupational exposure limits or biological occupational exposure limits requiring monitoring

Occupational exposure limits
Air limit values:

Limit Value Type (country of origin)
Substance Name
Occupational Exposure Limit Value

Long
term
(mg/m3)
Occupational Exposure Limit Value

Short Term
Recommended Monitoring Procedures
Peak Limitation
Source
Germany Active Carbon alveolar fraction 1.5 - Personal air sampling for alveolar fraction - DFG Deutsche
Forschungsgemeinschaft: MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2010, Senatskommission zur Prüfung gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe, Mitteilung 46; VCH
Germay Active Carbon respirable fraction 4 - Personal air sampling for respirable fraction - DFG Deutsche
Forschungsgemeinschaft: MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2010, Senatskommission zur Prüfung gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe, Mitteilung 46; VCH

 

Biological limit values: No biological limit value has been set.

Additional exposure limits under the conditions of use: None.

DNEL/DMEL

Worker
DNEL/DMEL

Consumer
Exposure Rate Exposure Frequency Critical Component Remarks
3 mg/m3 0.5 mg/m3 inhalation
short term (acute)

long term (repeated)
Activated Carbon The interim inhalation DNEL long-term
exposure for local effects was based on the OEL (TWA, 8 hr) set by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH, 2001) for inhalable dust of carbon black. The OEL is intended to minimize excessive dirtiness and
effects on lung function.

 

8.2 - Exposure controls

Occupational exposure controls:
-    A good basic standard of occupational hygiene is to be implemented for all handling of activated carbon outside a container.

Safety controls
-    Low oxygen work procedures should be in place – Wet activated carbon depletes oxygen from air and, therefore, dangerously low levels of oxygen may be encountered. Whenever
workers enter a vessel containing activated carbon, the vessels oxygen content should be
determined and work procedures for potentially low oxygen areas should be followed. Alternatively the room may be fitted with oxygen level sensors having an alarm setting at 18
vol.%.

Technical measures to prevent exposure:
-    For industrial and professional use of granular activated carbon and slurries of granular activated carbon no technical measures to prevent exposure are required.
-    For industrial use of powdered activated carbons kept in high level containment with only
occassional possibility of exposure no technical measures are required.
-    For professional use of powdered activated carbons kept in high level containment with up to without the possibility of exposure no technical measures are required.
-         Provide local exhaust ventilation with a minimum effectiveness of 90% for all activities

Personal protection equipment:
-    When handling non-powdered or slurried activated carbon no personal protection equipment is required.
-    Respiratory protection: Use a half face mask fitted with P2 filter (minimum effectiveness of
90%) or better for handling powdered activated carbon (HDS). Keep dust exposure to a minimum.
-    Hand protection: No uses requiring hand protection have been specifically identified but the
use of gloves is recommended as good practice.
-    Eye protection: Use goggles with side protection if contact with powdered activated carbon can occur.
-    Body protection: Standard protective work clothes.

8.3 - Environmental exposure controls

Product related measures to prevent exposure:
-    Local exhaust ventilation to remove material at source
-    Contained storage
-    Regulated waste disposal
 

Instructional measures to prevent exposure:
-    Inclusion of ISO 14001
-    Appropriate documentation such as work instruction procedures

Organizational measures to prevent exposure:
-    Awareness training of workforce
-    Regular procedural reviews
-    Envrionmental audits carried out by certified personnel

Technical measures to prevent exposure: -

8.4 - Consumer exposure control

Normal use of AC - HDS in household products sold as filter products is safe under all foreseeable circumstances.

 

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

9.1 - Information on basic physical and chemical properties

9.1.1   Appearance

Physical state: Solid
Color: Black
Odor: None

9.1.2   Important health, safety and environmental information

9.1.2.1 Safety relevant basic data

Endpoint
Value
Method
Remark
pH (20 °C):
11-12
 
 
Melting point/range (°C)
>1,000
 
The melting point of Activated Carbon - High Density Skeleton in an inert environment is estimated to be well above 1,000 °C.
Boiling point/range (°C)
>1,000
 
The boiling point of Activated Carbon - High Density Skeleton in an inert environment is estimated to be well above 1,000 °C.
Flash point (°C)
-
 
 
Ignition temperature (°C)
350-450
 
 
Vapor pressure (°C)
-
 
 
Skeleton Density (g/cm3
2.10-2.20
 
 
Bulk density (kg/m3)
450-500
 
 
Water solubility (20°C in g/l)
0
 
The water solubility of Activated Carbon - High Density Skeleton was determined according to OECD guideline 105 under GLP using the column elution method. It was found that the substance is insoluble in water at pH 6.8 and a temperature of 20 °C.
Partition coefficient

n-Octanol/Water (log Pow)
-
 
The water solubility of Activated Carbon - High Density Skeleton was determined according to OECD guideline 105 under GLP using the column elution method. It was found that the substance is insoluble in water at pH 6.8 and a temperature of 20 °C.
Viscosity, dynamic (mPa· s)
-
 
Substance is a solid.
Explosion limits for dust explosion

hazard:
- Lower
- Upper
-
 
 

 

9.2      Other information

The physical and chemical properties of the spent material may be different to that of virginal activated carbon.

 

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

10.1 - Reactivity

This product shows no reactivity under the specified conditions of storage, shipment and use.

10.2 - Chemical stability

This product is stable under the specified conditions of storage, shipment and use.

10.3 - Possibility of hazardous reactions

Contact with strong oxiders, i.e. chlorine, liquid oxygen, permanganate, ozone, may result in rapid combustion/possible explosion.

10.4 - Conditions to avoid

Keep operating temperatures below 70 ºC. Do not store in direct sunlight.

10.5 - Incompatible materials

Keep away from strong oxidizers and strong acids.

10.6 - Hazardous decomposition products

Carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide.

 

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

11.1 - Toxicokinetics, metabolism and distribution

Based on the physical and chemical properties of activated carbons, the absence of effects in toxicological studies and the therapeutic use of activated carbons as adsorbing agents for the
treatment of acute poisoning and acute diarrhoea, it can be expected that Activated Carbon -
High Density Skeleton is not absorbed via the oral, dermal and inhalation route.

Human toxicological data:
This information is not available and it is not a standard requirement under REACH.

11.2 - Acute effects (toxicity tests)

  Effect dose Species Method Remark
Acute oral toxicity LD50: > 2000 mg/kg bw
(female) (No treatment related effects were observed.)
Rat,
female
OECD Guideline 423
(Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
EU Method B.1 tris
(Acute Oral Toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
reliable without restriction
Acute dermal toxicity No data available - - In accordance with column 2 of REACH
Annex VII, an Acute toxicity study via the dermal route (required in section
8.5) does not need to be conducted since studies for Acute toxicity via the
oral and inhalation route are available.
Acute inhalative toxicity LC0 (1 h): 64.4 mg/L air
(nominal) or 8.5 mg/L air (analytical) (male/female) (No deaths, but multiple
effects were observed
(contamination of fur, general stress, lung rales, weight loss, lung discoloration))
LC100 (1 h): 235 mg/L air (nominal) (All animals died (initial test))
Rat equivalent or similar to
OECD Guideline 403 (Acute Inhalation Toxicity)
reliable with restrictions

 

Specific target toxicity,  (STOT)
No information regarding single organ toxicity is available.

Specific symptoms in animal studies: In case of ingestion : -
In case of skin contact: -
In case of inhalation:  Body weight loss, respiratory mucous membrane irritancy and - at necropsy - lung discoloration were observed. The LC50 was determined to be >8.5 mg/L for the inhalation route
In case of eye contact: -

Irritant and corrosive effects:

  Exposure time Species Evaluation Method Remarks
Primary irritation to the skin 4h Rabbit Not irritating OECD Guideline 404 Reliable with restrictions
Irritation to eyes   Rabbit Not irritating OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation /
Corrosion) (2002)
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion) (2008)
Reliable without restrictions

 

Irritation to respiratory tract: No information available.

Sensitisation
In case of skin contact: Not sensitising.
In case of inhalation: No information available.

Repeated dose toxicity (sub-acute, sub-chronic, chronic)

  Effect dose Value Exposure time period Species Method Evaluation Remark
Chronic inhalative   no NOAEC identified 7h/day for 5 day/ week for 1 year

Rat, Guinea Pig, Mouse

Non standardized
method
  Study not reliable.

 

CMR effects (carcinogenity, mutagenicity and toxicity for reproduction).

Carcinogenicity: No data available.
In-Vitro Mutagenicity: No data available.
Genotoxicity: No data available.
In-Vivo Mutagenicity: No data available.
Germ cell mutagenicity: Negative with and without metabolic activiation.
Toxicity for reproduction: No data available.

 

Summarised evaluation of the CMR properties:
All 3 in vitro key studies indicate that the substance does not show any genotoxic potential. Therefore, it can be concluded that the substance is not mutagenic and therefore does not need to be classified for mutagenicity according to the criteria outlined in Annex I of 1272/2008/EC (CLP/EU-GHS) and Annex VI of 67/548/EEC.
The substance was found not to possess genotoxic properties in three in vitro genotoxicity studies (not a mutagen Cat. 3) and systemic effects (hyperplasia and/or preneoplastic lesions)
were not indicated in a supporting chronic toxicity study in three species.

11.3    Experiences made in practice Observations relevant to classification: - Other observations: -

11.4    General remarks

 

SECTION 12: Ecological information

12.1 - Toxicity

No information is available. As activated carbon is highly insoluble in water no toxicity is expected.

12.2 - Persistence and degradability

Activated Carbon - High Density Skeleton (AC-HDS) is a solid inorganic material and not amenable to break down by any natural chemical or enzymatic processes.

AC-HDS is only broken down under extreme conditions - such as heating under reflux with concentrated sulphuric acid/nitric acid mixtures - when the carbon will eventually oxidise to CO2. AC-HDS cannot be rendered into a soluble form capable of being absorbed. Therefore AC-HDS cannot find its way to any cell site where it could conceivably be biodegraded. Moreover, testing the biodegradation is not feasible because the substance is not soluble in water.

The bioaccumulation study is waived because the substance has no log Kow (substance is an inorganic substance or can be considered to behave as an inorganic substance). Also the substance size will impede passing membranes as the substance consists of particles with sizes
> 0.5 µm. The particles are not soluble in water.

12.3 - Bioaccumulative potential

The substance has a very low potential to bioaccumulate in aquatic species (e.g. fish) i.e. a BCF
< 10.

12.4 - Mobility in soil

Known or predicted distribution to environmental compartments: -
Surface tension: No information is available, because the material is insoluble. Adsorption/desorption:
Adsorption/desorption studies are technically not feasible as the substance is not soluble in water or in organic solvents; and analysis is not possible because no distinction between C of AC-HDS and C of sediment/soil can be made in the analysis. Furthermore AC-HDS consists largely of elemental carbon and is chemically inert. No further biodegradation will occur.

12.5 - Results of PBT assessment

As Activated Carbon – High Density Skeleton is to be considered as an inorganic substance, the
PBT assessment is not applicable.

12.6 - Other adverse effects

A water slurry containing large quantities of HDS carbon may display high pH values.

 

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations

13.1 - Waste treatment methods

For virgin activated carbon no specified disposal methods apply, however, avoid discharge to drains.

13.2 - Waste codes / waste designations according to EWC / AVV 

Waste code: EWC 15.02.03

13.3 - Appopriate packaging

-

13.4 - Additional information

Spent activated carbon may require specific disposal considerations/packaging.

 

SECTION 14: Transport information

ADR/RID: the product is not hazardous under transport regulations for packaging units with a volume at most of 3 m3 (3 m3, tops)

AND: the product is not hazardous under transport regulations for packaging units with a volume at most of 3 m3 (3 m3, tops)

IMDG/IMO: the product is not hazardous under transport regulations for packaging units with a volume at most of 3 m3 (3 m3, tops)

ICOA/IATA: the product is not hazardous under transport regulations for packaging units with a volume at most of 3 m3 (3 m3, tops)

Environmental hazards
Not classified as an environmental hazard for transportation.

Special precautions for user
Wet activated carbon depletes oxygen from air and, therefore, dangerously low levels of oxygen may be encountered. Whenever workers enter a vessel containing activated carbon, the vessels oxygen content should be determined and work procedures for potentially low oxygen areas should be followed.
 

Big Bags with activated carbon do not place on wet underlay

Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC code
Not applicable.

 

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

15.1 - Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

EU regulations:
-    Authorisations and/or restrictions on use
-    Authorisations: None
-    Restrictions on use: None
-    Other EU regulations: -

National regulations: -

 

15.2 - Chemical safety assessment

Chemical safety assessment: A chemical safety assessment according to the rules stipulated in the REACH directive has been performed. The appendices provide an overview of the risk management measures as based on this assessment.

 

SECTION 16: Other information

16.1    Relevant R- and H-statements (number and full text) None applicable.

16.2    Changes in this version

A DNEL was included for inhalation. Risk management measures to aimed at controlling the inhalation  exposure  are  based  on  the  chemical  safety  assessment.  Appendices providing relevant information from the Chemical Safety Report have been added.

16.3    Training instructions

Basic training on the hazards of the substance and the use of risk management measures is required.

16.4    Recommended restrictions on use

Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agents (and strong acids).

16.5    Use and exposure categories (overview)

 
Exposure Industrial use: Professional use: Consumer use:
Human, oral, short term: 0 0 0
Human, oral, long term/repeated: 0 0 0
Human, dermal, short term: + + +
Human, dermal, long term/repeated: + + +
Human, inhalative, short term: + + +
Human, inhalative, long term/repeated: + + +
Environment, water, short term/single: + + +
Environment, water, continuous: + + +
Environment, air, short term/single: + + +
Environment, air, continuous + + +
Environment, soil, short term/single: + + +
Environment, soil, continous: + + +

 

Use advised (+)

Use advised against (-)

Use not identified (0)

 

16.6    Further information

This safety data sheet complies with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006.

 

Copyright 2017 Hydrosil International, LTD. License granted to make unlimited paper copies for internal use only. The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. This information is based on our current knowledge and is intended to describe the product for the purposes of health, safety and environmental requirements only. It should not therefore be construed as guaranteeing any specific property of the product. Hydrosil International LTD. makes no warranty, either expressed or implied, including any warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

 

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